David McMillian- Kinesiology Student Research

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BY DAVID MCMILLAN
2013 Symposium on Student Research,
Creative Activities and Innovation Finalist

Research starts with a question, and to identify an unknown is to possess a detailed understanding of its respective topic. The process then continues with an experimental design which isolates the unknown, and after laboratory management and operation derive the intended data, interpretation and dissemination complete the endeavor. For me, this proactive experience has translated classroom knowledge into practice, enabling application of academic concepts and development of scholarly skills. The amalgamation of my work on campus, as an exercise physiologist and in the field as an exercise-based spinal cord injury recovery specialist, has inspired my pursuit of doctoral study.

About my Research
Time is cited as the number one reason for noncompliance to exercise, and thus in my first project as a primary investigator I chose to employ a practical technique in increasing the efficiency of exercise.

Metabolism, which is the sum of cellular activity, is increased both during and after exercise, the post-exercise increase occurring both acutely, in response to a single bout of exercise, and chronically, as an adaptation to repeated training. The perturbations caused by resistance exercise, or weight lifting, elicit this response to a greater extent than any other mode of training, and can be utilized in body mass management strategies.

Within resistance exercise decreasing rest (between sets and exercises) has been shown to increase acute post-exercise metabolism while decreasing time requirements of exercise, addressing two key variables in exercise. However, previous designs were methodologically and do not apply to practical workout routines performed by the general population. Therefore my investigation showed that by manipulating only rest interval in a full-body, consecutive set resistance exercise training session, post-exercise metabolism can be increased by while time requirements can be cut in half. This concomitant synergism promotes greater participation in exercise and adherence to programs thereafter.

 

For more information about student research at CSUSM, visit:
http://www.csusm.edu/news/topstories/articles/2013/04/Research.html

Ross Edmunds- Kinesiology Student Research

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BY ROSS EDMUNDS
2013 Symposium on Student Research,
Creative Activities and Innovation Finalist

No matter how much is already known, there will always be gaps in the knowledge regarding how the human body performs. CSUSM has given me the unique opportunity as an undergraduate to design and execute a research project that has the potential to help people perform at a higher ability for greater periods of time.

About my Research
Currently, the practice of foam rolling is widely used in the exercise community; it has been proven to decrease muscle tightness and commonly used as a warm up, but there is little research about the effect of foam rolling on performance post intense exercise.

In my latest research, I used intense exercise to cause damage to the quadriceps and hamstrings, inducing delayed onset muscle soreness. Afterwards, I treated the targeted muscles with either foam rolling or static stretching to determine which technique would help sustain muscle performance 24 hours post exercise.

The results of our study show that foam rolling post exercise preserves muscle performance better than static stretching, which is highly applicable in the athletic community. With the application of foam rolling post exercise, athletes competing in tournaments, interval training or recreational activity will be able to perform at a level closer to their rested condition.

For more information about student research at CSUSM, visit:

http://www.csusm.edu/news/topstories/articles/2013/04/Research.html

 

Students spread breast cancer awareness through skill-based presentation

MakeTheBreastChoice_photobyJeffreyDavis-900x600Pierson Cepeda, Assistant Web & Social Media Manager
for the Chronicle Cougar
March 30, 2016

Students gave a presentation called “Make the Breast Choice” on March 16 in the Gender Equity Center to explain the importance of early detection and self-exams as means to prevent breast cancer.

The event, co-sponsored by the Gender Equity Center and CHABBS, is among the many events happening during Women’s Herstory Month.

Nine students from Dr. Eliza Bigham’s Applied Research in Human Development class hosted the presentation. Each student chose to present on the topic due to personal experience and/or unfamiliarity with breast cancer and the practice of self-diagnosis.

Presenters introduced audience members to the topic through a series of questions meant to gauge their level of awareness. Questions focused on whether audience members knew the importance of early diagnosis, whether they have ever felt a male/female/abnormal breast or if they knew about the resources available in campus. These questions structured the remaining time of the presentation

Before the presenters delved into the informational session, they asked audience members to participate in a game. Four participants would compete in teams of two. One person on the team would put on a loose white shirt and place two large balloons, representing breasts, underneath. The other team member would then toss ping-pong balls and their partner would try to catch them. The winning team received black bracelets with the words “SAVE 2nd BASE” running across them.

Following the game, the students presented a series of facts and statistics.

They began by discussing the widespread effect of breast cancer. Presenters asked the audience to number themselves one to eight. Then those who were numbered one stood up representing the one in eight women affected by breast cancer.

Along with illustrating the amount of people who are affected, the students also dispelled some misconceptions about the disease. They emphasized that men are also affected by the disease and that even young people are at risk.

Images of a man and woman who each went through a mastectomy, a surgical removal of their breast, were put on display.

Lastly, presenters asked the audience members to give themselves a breast exam. Each person stood up and lifted one of their arms over their head. Next, they used two to three of their fingers and pushed down in a circular motion from their underarm straight down to their rib cage. By repeating this motion and moving inwards towards their chest, audience members were encouraged to get to know their personal bodies, because they are different from everybody else.

When asked to comment on the importance of the presentation and Women’s Herstory Month, ASI Executive Vice President Bianca Garcia said, “There is a stigma around touching breasts and people are afraid to ask questions.”

Kelly Imgrund said, “There are a lot of [issues] not brought to the light.”
The next Make the Breast Choice presentation will take place April 6 in The Quad classroom.